By Malyn Newitt
A heritage of Portuguese out of the country growth 1400-1668 offers an obtainable survey of the way the Portuguese turned so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in parts as faraway as Asia, Africa and South the US. Malyn Newitt examines how the tips and associations of a past due medieval society have been deployed to assist enlargement into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via competition with Castile, this grew right into a world wide business. eventually, he considers how resilient the Portuguese out of the country groups have been, surviving wars and common failures, and keeping off assaults via the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders till good into the 1600s. together with a close bibliography and thesaurus, A historical past of Portuguese abroad growth 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this interesting interval of ecu growth
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Extra resources for A History of Portugese Overseas Expansion 1400-1668
70 However, in spite of the contact The origins of Portuguese expansion to 1469 25 made with the desert gold traders, the principal interest in the voyages at this period remained the acquisition of slaves. 71 It is true that the trade that began during these years was sufficiently important for Dom Pedro, who was concerned for the commercial interests of the port cities which provided much of his political support, to take steps to protect the commerce and fend off the sort of chaotic free-for-all that was continuing in the Canary Islands.
The voyages of ‘discovery’ down the coasts of Africa, organised after 1430 by the Infante Dom Henrique and other noblemen, were openly and explicitly a series of raids designed to obtain slaves for sale or important ‘Moors’ who might be ransomed. The forces raised by the nobles and the concelhos were supplemented by the king’s personal guards, by individual soldiers of fortune who were attracted by the prospect of war, and by mercenaries or ‘allies’. Examples of such mercenary forces were the archers and knights in the service of John of Gaunt who helped win the battle of Aljubarrota in 1385, or Muslim fighters from Granada, or soldiers recruited in one of the Spanish kingdoms who were experts in the use of firearms or in engineering.
It was a policy that was not finally to be abandoned until the death of Dom Sebastião and the destruction of the Portuguese army in 1578. The Moroccan policy has always been loosely associated by historians with the Atlantic voyages of discovery, but in fact these were rival and in some ways contradictory strategies, which competed for the support of the Portuguese ruling elite and for the limited military resources of the Crown. The existence over one and a half centuries of two rival and competing policies of expansion is clear evidence that contemporaries were not united in their support of the maritime voyages or the aspirations to dominate Asian trade with Europe.