By Jonathan A. Fox
How can the seeds of responsibility ever develop in authoritarian environments? Embedding responsibility into the nation is an inherently asymmetric, partial and contested technique. Campaigns for public responsibility frequently win restricted concessions at most sensible, yet they could depart cracks within the procedure that function handholds for next efforts to open up the kingdom to public scrutiny. This ebook explores the how civil society ''thickens'' by means of evaluating 20 years of rural voters' struggles to carry the Mexican country in charge, exploring either swap and continuity earlier than, in the course of, and after nationwide electoral turning issues. The ebook addresses how a lot power-sharing relatively occurs in coverage recommendations that come with participatory social and environmental councils, citizen oversight of elections, neighborhood govt social funding money, participation reforms in global financial institution initiatives, community-managed meals courses, in addition to new social oversight and public details entry reforms. in the meantime, efforts to workout voice spread even as rural electorate think about their go out innovations, as thousands migrate to the united states, the place many have due to the fact come jointly in a brand new migrant civil society. because reasons of electoral switch don't account for the way humans truly event the nation, this ebook concludes that new analytical frameworks are had to comprehend ''transitions to accountability.'' This comprises unpacking the interplay among participation, transparency and responsibility. Oxford reports in Democratization is a sequence for students and scholars of comparative politics and similar disciplines. Volumes pay attention to the comparative research of the democratization approach that followed the decline and termination of the chilly warfare. The geographical concentration of the sequence is basically Latin the USA, the Caribbean, Southern and jap Europe, and appropriate stories in Africa and Asia. The sequence editor is Laurence Whitehead, reputable Fellow, Nuffield university, collage of Oxford.
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Extra info for Accountability Politics: Power and Voice in Rural Mexico
Indeed, rural people do face distinct obstacles to collective action. Isolation does matter, and local identities do not automatically scale-up—yet throughout the twentieth century, revolutionary leaders managed to confound Marx’s assumption by inventing strategies to overcome these obstacles to larger-scale rural collective action (usually facilitated by external threats). Nonrevolutionary strategies for scaling up rural collective action, such as electoral campaigns and mass direct action, have received much less research attention.
Yet, seen through an accountability lens, judicial institutional autonomy can be a two-edged sword. Most judicial accountability mechanisms depend primarily on self-monitoring and regulation, rather than on external oversight. This creates a chicken-and-egg problem, insofar as a high level of institutional consolidation is needed for judicial self-regulation to be effective, yet without self-regulation, it is difﬁcult to achieve effective consolidation. g. Dodson and Jackson 2004; Sadek and Batista Cavalcanti 2003; Uggla 2004).
21 2. Judiciaries, One of the Most Important Horizontal Accountability Counterweights, are Rarely Designed to be Vertically Accountable to Civil Society. The rule of law is not a sufﬁcient condition for democracy, especially in the absence of institutional guarantees that it will be applied consistently, independent of political and economic interests. While regimes of many kinds rule with law, only those with independent judiciaries have rule of law, in the sense of applying the rules fairly and consistently.