By Gérard A. Mourou (auth.), Dimitri Batani, Charles J. Joachain, Sergio Martellucci, Arthur N. Chester (eds.)

The fresh developement of excessive strength lasers, offering femtosecond pulses of 20 2 intensities as much as 10 W/cm , has resulted in the invention of latest phenomena in laser interactions with subject. At those huge, immense laser intensities, atoms, and molecules are uncovered to severe stipulations and new phenomena ensue, akin to the very speedy multi photon ionization of atomic platforms, the emission by means of those platforms of very excessive order harmonics of the interesting laser mild, the Coulomb explosion of molecules, and the acceleration of electrons on the subject of the speed of sunshine. those phenomena generate new behaviour of bulk subject in severe laser fields, with nice capability for broad ranging functions which come with the research of ultra-fast strategies, the improvement of high-frequency lasers, and the research of the houses of plasmas and condensed topic less than severe stipulations of temperature and strain. specifically, the idea that of the "fast ignitor" method of inertial confinement fusion (ICF) has been proposed, that's in response to the separation of the compression and the ignition stages in laser-driven ICF. the purpose of this direction on "Atom, Solids and Plasmas in Super-Intense Laser fields" used to be to assemble senior researchers and scholars in atomic and molecular physics, laser physics, condensed topic and plasma physics, to be able to evaluate contemporary advancements in high-intensity laser-matter interactions. The direction was once held on the Ettore Majorana foreign Centre for clinical tradition in Erice from July eight to July 14,2000.

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Walther in this volume, the interaction of the laser-driven quasi-free electron with the core leads to a plateau in . the ATI electron spectrum. For a discussion of low frequency models in the description 29 of harmonic generation, the reader is referred to the contribution of P. Salieres in this volume. THE HIGH FREQUENCY, HIGH INTESITY REGIME The interaction of atomic hydrogen with with high intensity monochromatic laser fields whose frequency is much larger than the threshold frequency for one-photon ionization was initiated by Gavrila and co-workers using the Floquet theory [1,95].

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