By Jenkinson, Sally L.; Bayle, Pierre
Sally Jenkinson's masterful new choice from Bayle's Dictionnaire Historique et Critique provides the reader with a coherent course via Bayle's enormous paintings. Her authoritative translation, cautious textual content choice, and lucid creation may be welcomed by way of students and scholars of the heritage of rules, political thought, cultural historical past and French studies.
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Additional info for Bayle--political writings
Protestantisme et Re´volution. Actes du VIe` Colloque Jean Boisset, XIe Colloque du Centre d’Histoire des Reforme´es et du Protestantisme. Montpelier: Sauramps, pp. –. (), Pierre Bayle et la religion. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. Bracken, H. (), ‘Pierre Bayle and Freedom of Speech’, in E. J. ), Truth and Tolerance. Montreal: McGill University Faculty of Religious Studies, pp. –. (), ‘Toleration Theories: Bayle vs. Locke’, in E. Grefﬁer and M. ), The Notion of Tolerance and Human Rights.
Since the proper end of government is not to ﬁght a holy war, but to keep the peace and serve the well-being of the people, the ruler should institute good laws, implement them ﬁrmly, and safeguard the right of utterance and the right of reply. There is, Bayle suggests, an implied contract of peaceful deliberation which is an essential preliminary to making a just public decision. The avant garde which teaches new ideas, and the majority which is disposed to defend the old, are equally obliged to renounce violence.
Undoubtedly the Huguenots had been betrayed, for, by the terms of the Peace of Ale`s in , they had given up their right to bear arms in return for the civil authority’s protection of their liberty of worship (Labrousse (), p. ). Yet most Protestants opposed the proliferation of sects (Sainc (F)), feeling at heart that unity of religion was the ideal to be sought. They supposed that the best arrangement would be to live in a Calvinist France which upheld the true religion (as they understood it) even if a second-best arrangement was to live under a Gallican regime which accorded them toleration.