By Neil Roughley

Kant claimed that the imperative issues of philosophy all converge on one query: used to be ist der Mensch? beginning with the most declare that conceptions of the human play an important structuring position in idea building, the individuals during this volume(renowned students from a number of disciplines - philosophy, anthropology, psychology, literary reviews) examine the jobs that conceptions of the human play either in philosophy and in different human and social sciences.

Show description

Read or Download Being Humans: Anthropological Universality and Particularity in Transdisciplinary Perspectives PDF

Best humanism books

An Intimate History of Humanity

A provocative paintings that explores the evolution of feelings and private relationships via different cultures and time. "An intellectually awesome view of our previous and destiny. "--Time magazine

This groundbreaking publication by means of an across the world popular historian and prolific writer is so wide-ranging in scope that categorizing a few of the concerns and audiences it seeks to handle will be tricky. Implicit in Zeldin's paintings is a problem to conventional historians who've heretofore pigeonholed their debts of the human prior into discrete booths (social, monetary, political heritage, and so forth. ). against this, Zeldin makes an attempt a heritage of human recommendations and emotions unfettered through issues of ancient epoch or tradition. every one bankruptcy makes a speciality of a specific idea or feeling, equivalent to toil, the artwork of dialog, voluntarism, compassion, attitudes on classification and social prestige, and authority. to arrange his rules, Zeldin employs a masterful new method. After introducing every one bankruptcy with a private vignette in accordance with interviews he has performed with members musing at the which means of a few point in their lives, Zeldin lines alterations or commonalities in that feeling throughout time and position. common readers can be encouraged by way of this thought-provoking and immensely readable paintings. ?Marie Marmo Mullaney, Caldwell Coll. , N. J.
Copyright 1995 Reed enterprise details, Inc. --This textual content refers to an out of print or unavailable version of this name.

Perspectives on Human Suffering

This quantity brings jointly more than a few interdisciplinary views on a subject matter of important value, yet which has in a different way tended to be approached from inside of only one or one other disciplinary framework. lots of the essays contained right here include some extent of interdisciplinarity of their personal procedure, however the quantity however divides into 3 major sections: Philosophical concerns; Humanities methods; felony, scientific, and healing contexts.

The Living Mind: From Psyche to Consciousness

As enthusiasm for computational versions of the brain has waned and the revolution in neuroscience has advanced, realization in philosophy and cognitive technology has shifted towards extra organic ways. The residing brain establishes that brain can't be immaterial or lowered to mechanistic or cybernetic tactics, yet needs to in its place own a subjectivity embodied in an animal organism.

The Online Self: Externalism, Friendship and Games

This ebook investigates the rising phenomenon of the self because it exists within the on-line international. It argues for an externalist belief of self and id, one who doesn't rely on the continuity of awareness of the topic. It additionally deals an research of similar phenomenon reminiscent of on-line friendship and video games in line with this research.

Additional resources for Being Humans: Anthropological Universality and Particularity in Transdisciplinary Perspectives

Example text

42 Neil Roughley Awareness of something doesn't necessarily entail the interest in, or capability of, doing anything about it. O f the three attributes mentioned together here then, self-consciousness is, taken on its own, irrelevant for the claim that cultural universals are to be understood as mere tendencies. Which of the other two characteristics is to be seen as explanatory depends on which reading of "world-openness" is chosen. Either way, we have here a claim about a founding characteristic of the structure of what it means to be the human.

Putative discussions about descriptive characteristics of the human can often be shown to be disputes about values. Does this mean that we simply have to chose whether we prefer to think of ourselves as autonomous rather than as pre-programmed? There is a further problem here for the descriptive universalist who postulates either version of "world-openness" - either as the freedom of individuals or cultures to resist natural tendencies, or as the possibility of natural determinants being completely overridden by socio-cultural determinants.

World-Openness" Stagi offers one main reason why one should not be too hasty to abandon general claims about the human in the face of counter-examples: cultural universals have, he claims, a different status to the laws of natural science. They are regularities with the status of tendencies, so that nothing determines when they are realised. This claim presupposes a fundamental fact about being human, which Stagi, following the philosophical anthropologist Max Scheler, labels the capacity to "say No" to one's own impulses (1991, 55).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.59 of 5 – based on 44 votes