By J. Crossland
James Crossland's paintings lines the historical past of the foreign Committee of the crimson move' fight to carry humanitarianism to the second one global battle, through targeting its tumultuous dating with one of many conflict's key belligerents and masters of the blockade of the 3rd Reich, nice Britain.
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Extra info for Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939–1945
The BRC, long maligned both in Geneva and in its own country as the ill-equipped black sheep of the international Red Cross family, ended the First World War with a rejuvenated reputation and a place of great prestige within the global Red Cross movement. 71 A similar view of the ICRC was also present in Whitehall. Though of great value as a monitor of POW welfare, the ICRC had proved meddlesome, at best, in its attempts at mediation and forays into humanitarian diplomacy. It was, in part, on account of this, that the British continued during the post-war period to actively ‘manage’ the ICRC’s campaign 36 Britain and the ICRC to broaden IHL and, in so doing, its scope of action.
This belligerent-to-belligerent form of humanitarian diplomacy cut the ICRC out of an equation that its leadership felt lay within its purview. ’60 The fact that neither role guaranteed the ICRC a place of prominence in the Britain and the Red Cross 33 humanitarian diplomacy of the First World War was symptomatic of the trend towards marginalization of the Committee that had been in play, arguably, since the signing of the First Geneva Convention. The end of the war brought little respite for the ICRC in this respect.
56 In the end it was decided that a united 32 Britain and the ICRC response from the Entente would be sent to Geneva, within which the Allies’ belief in the ICRC’s principles would be reaffirmed, the fact that the Germans had used gas first pointed out and the onus shifted onto Berlin to make the next move. The Allies, in short, would only cease to use gas once the ICRC convinced the Germans to do likewise. The opening of this door to a prohibition on the use of gas was slammed shut, however, by the fact that the Germans waited until September 1918 to send their response, which similarly reaffirmed their commitment to the ‘spirit of humanity’, blamed their enemies for forcing them to use gas and declared that the Entente would have to abandon chemical warfare before Germany did likewise.